The Treaty of Paris, signed on September 3, 1783 by representatives of British King George III and representatives of the United States of America, officially ended the American War of Independence. The treaty set the boundaries between the British Empire in North America and the United States of America, in a line that was “extraordinarily generous” to the united states.  Details include fishing rights and the restoration of property and prisoners of war. The victory of the United States in the Battle of Yorktown in 1781 made peace talks in which British negotiators were prepared to consider American independence as possible. British governments in the 18th century tended to be unstable and depended on both a majority in the House of Commons and the king`s favour. When the Yorktown news reached London, the parliamentary opposition succeeded in overthrowing Frederick North`s disputed government, Lord North. The Treaty of Paris ended the war of independence between Britain and the United States, recognized American independence and set limits on the new nation. After the British defeat at Yorktown, peace talks began in Paris in April 1782 between Richard Oswarld as representatives of Great Britain and the American peace commissioners Benjamin Franklin, John Jay and John Adams. American negotiators joined Henry Laurens two days before the signing of the provisional articles of peace on November 30, 1782. The Treaty of Paris, which formally ended the war, was not signed until September 3, 1783. The Continental Congress, which was temporarily located in Annapolis, Maryland, ratified the Treaty of Paris on January 14, 1784.
The Treaty of Paris of 1783 officially ended the American War of Independence. American statesmen Benjamin Franklin, John Adams and John Jay negotiated the peace treaty with representatives of King George III of Great Britain. In the Treaty of Paris, the British Crown officially recognized American independence and ceded most of its territory east of the Mississippi River to the United States, doubling the size of the new nation and paving the way for westward expansion.